WCF Tutorial
www.Learn2Expert.net A new ASP.Net MVC 4, SSIS, Interview Q/A tutorial - Visit - www.Learn2Expert.net
Skip Navigation LinksHomeFundamentalBinding and Behavior No of Views: 554901
WCF Tutorial | WCF Binding and Behavior

Binding and Behavior

Binding

Simple definition for Binding describes how the client will communicate with service. We can understand with an example.

Consider a scenario say, I am creating a service that has to be used by two type of client. One of the client will access SOAP using http and other client will access Binary using TCP. How it can be done? With Web service it is very difficult to achieve, but in WCF its just we need to add extra endpoint in the configuration file.

<system.serviceModel>
    <services>
      <service name="MathService"
        behaviorConfiguration="MathServiceBehavior">
      <endpoint address="http://localhost:8090/MyService/MathService.svc" 
        contract="IMathService"
          binding="wsHttpBinding"/>
<endpoint address="net.tcp://localhost:8080/MyService/MathService.svc" 
contract="IMathService"
          binding="netTcpBinding"/> 
      </service>
    </services>
    <behaviors>
      <serviceBehaviors>
        <behavior name="MathServiceBehavior">
          <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="True"/>
          <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="true" />
        </behavior>
      </serviceBehaviors>
    </behaviors>
  </system.serviceModel>

  

See how simple it is in WCF. Microsoft is making everything simple.cording to its scope: common behaviors affect all endpoints globally, service behaviors affect only service-related aspects, endpoint behaviors affect only endpoint-related properties, and operation-level behaviors affect particular operations.

Example:

In the below configuration information, I have mentioned the Behavior at Service level. In the service behavior I have mention the servieMetadata node with attribute httGetEnabled='true'. This attribute will specifies the publication of the service metadata. Similarly we can add more behavior to the service.

<system.serviceModel>
    <services>
      <service name="MathService"
        behaviorConfiguration="MathServiceBehavior">
        <endpoint address="" contract="IMathService"
          binding="wsHttpBinding"/>
      </service>
    </services>
    <behaviors>
      <serviceBehaviors>
        <behavior name="MathServiceBehavior">
          <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="True"/>
          <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="true" />
        </behavior>
      </serviceBehaviors>
    </behaviors>
  </system.serviceModel>


  

Note:

Application can be controlled either through coding, configuring or through combination of both. Specification mention in the configuration can also be overwritten in code.

Tips!

  • Always create the service with Interface->Implementation format, mention the contract in Interface.
  • Define the service in Class library and refer the class library in Host project. Don’t use service class in host project.
  • Change the instance mode to per call as default.
  • Always catch exception using try/catch block and throw exception using FaultException < T >.
  • Logging and Include exception should be enable while compiling the project in debug mode. While in production deployment disable the logging and Include exception details.