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WCF Tutorial | WCF One-Way Operation

One-Way

In One-Way operation mode, client will send a request to the server and does not care whether it is success or failure of service execution. There is no return from the server side, it is one-way communication.

Client will be blocked only for a moment till it dispatches its call to service. If any exception thrown by service will not reach the server.

Client can continue to execute its statement, after making one-way call to server. There is no need to wait, till server execute. Sometime when one-way calls reach the service, they may not be dispatched all at once but may instead be queued up on the service side to be dispatched one at a time, according to the service's configured concurrency mode behavior. If the number of queued messages has exceeded the queue's capacity, the client will be blocked even if it's issued a one-way call. However, once the call is queued, the client will be unblocked and can continue executing, while the service processes the operation in the background.

Definition :

One-way operation can be enabled by setting IsOneWay property to true in Operation contract attribute.

[ServiceContract]
public interface IMyService
{
    [OperationContract(IsOneWay=true)]
    void MyMethod(EmployeeDetails emp);
}

One-Way Operations and Sessionful Services

Let us see the example, what will happen when you use the one-way communication with Sessionful service.

    [ServiceContract(SessionMode = SessionMode.Required)]
    interface IMyContract
    {
        [OperationContract(IsOneWay = true)]
        void MyMethod();
    }

As per above configuration, when client makes one-way call using MyMethod() operation and if it close the proxy. Client will be blocked until operation completes. It will be good practice, that one-way operation should be applied on per-call and singleton service.

Suppose If you want to make use of One-way operation in Sessionful service, use in the last operation of the service which will terminate the session. This operation should not return any value.

    [ServiceContract(SessionMode = SessionMode.Required)]
    interface IMyContract
    {
        [OperationContract]
        void MyMethod1();

        [OperationContract]
        string MyMethod2();

        [OperationContract(IsOneWay = true, IsInitiating = false,
                                           IsTerminating = true)]
        string CloseSessionService(int id);
       
    }

One-Way Operations and Exceptions

Suppose when we are using BasicHttpBinding or WSHttpBinding, i.e. no transport session is used, if any exception throw by service will not affect the client. Client can make a call to the service using same proxy

[ServiceContract]
interface IMyContract
{
   [OperationContract(IsOneWay = true)]
   void MethodWithError( );

   [OperationContract]
   void MethodWithoutError( );
}
//Client side without transport session
MyContractClient proxy = new MyContractClient( );
proxy.MethodWithError( ); //No exception is thrown from serivce
proxy.MethodWithoutError( ); //Operation will execute properly
proxy.Close( );

In the presence of transport session, any exception thrown by service will fault the client channel. Client will not be able to make new call using same proxy instance.

//Client side transport session
MyContractClient proxy = new MyContractClient( );
proxy.MethodWithError( ); 
proxy.MethodWithoutError( ); //Can not executre because channel is faulted
proxy.Close( );

Tips!

  • Always create the service with Interface->Implementation format, mention the contract in Interface.
  • Define the service in Class library and refer the class library in Host project. Don’t use service class in host project.
  • Change the instance mode to per call as default.
  • Always catch exception using try/catch block and throw exception using FaultException < T >.
  • Logging and Include exception should be enable while compiling the project in debug mode. While in production deployment disable the logging and Include exception details.